Yangon – Vibrant Markets and Major Pagodas

Yangon, previously referred to as Rangoon, is the most important metropolis of Myanmar and was till just lately the capital of the country. In 2005, the army junta unexpectedly moved the capital to the town of Nay Pyi Taw. Nevertheless, Yangon still remains the undisputed business and diplomatic middle of Myanmar. The town has a shaken history of destruction on account of colonial wars, pure disasters and hearth, but all the time managed to recuperate from the various perils.
Right now, Yangon presents itself with a energetic downtown filled with colonial buildings with patina, a colorful mixture of ethnics and a number of the most lovely pagodas of the whole nation.

Visiting Yangon

To get an excellent impression of the town, we advocate at the least 2 full days, one for a relaxed stroll, buying along the streets of downtown, and one for visiting the spectacular pagodas and monasteries. You’ll be able to easily spend another day simply visiting the National Museum. Yangon is our transportation hub to southern Myanmar. We take it straightforward and end up spending 5 days in complete within the metropolis. This enables us some downtime in our cozy “home district” referred to as Kyar Kwet Thit Ward.

First impression: Something is missing

We hop off the night time bus from Mandalay just to land in the midst of heated taxi worth negotiations with very brash taxi drivers. The solar shines much hotter than within the lush and hilly greens of higher Myanmar and we sweat closely in our long garments from the eight hour journey in an admittedly luxurious fridge on wheels.

Finally we settle for a worth of 6500 Kyat for a taxi experience to our lodge in Yangon city which continues to be some kilometers away from the highway bus station. Only once we lean again in the taxi seats, we really feel it: Something is missing here, but we just can’t put our fingers on it.

We cross by crowded sidewalks. Ladies in colorful sarees are walking their youngsters residence from faculty, an elder woman in tight jeans and a modern glitter prime is carrying uncountable small buying luggage and a nicely suited man with a slim briefcase in a single hand, having left a modern office constructing, begins quick sweating within the noon warmth. Small road markets are promoting recent native fruit, snacks or tobacco, and a gaggle of laughing, veiled women is taking selfies in front of a small statue. Tiled mosques, colonial churches and an enormous white Buddhist temple mark our journey to the town middle. Variety is definitely not missing here.

North of downtown the massive metropolis lake Kandawgyi provides area for Yangon’s inhabitants to chill out from the busy metropolis lives in one of many many small eateries. Some gardens and an area flower market reside here, and kids are enjoying a spirited soccer match on the meadows close to the lake. Yangon shouldn’t be missing of greens, both.

The streets are crowded with vans, buses and automobiles, visitors is extremely sluggish, and the taxi’s AC doesn’t work. When the visitors is caught and there’s a gross sales stand nearby our driver jumps off the automotive to purchase a cigarette or some paan from a small stand on the street aspect. Typically he slows down and opens the door whereas driving, in an effort to spit out a terrific portion of pink saliva on the soiled road sides (read right here our submit on paan chewing).

Did I say soiled? Properly, the document keeper for the dirtiest city we now have ever seen continues to be New Delhi, India. Yangon has the luck to be close to the Indian Ocean. The ocean breeze carries a variety of the town’s exhausts out of the town. Nevertheless, smelly garbage, standing wastewater and the desolate condition of pedestrian walkways remind us properly of India’s capital when it comes to tattiness. Dust is definitely not what’s lacking right here.

Wait a moment, what did I just write? The streets are crowded with vans, buses and automobiles? And there it’s! We see a spherical sign that clearly footage: “No motorbikes allowed” And there’s none! That’s what I missed.
It is unbelievable that we’re still in the midst of Southeast Asia. The streets are nonetheless overcrowded and stop-and-go is normality all through the day, all in line with the standards. Everyone without an personal automotive goes for a taxi now. Good for us: Downtown taxi costs are pretty reasonably priced as there’s a whole lot of competitors.

travel tipp infoRelating to visitors guidelines Yangon is the strictest city of Myanmar. Another in style Southeast Asian interest, the honking, can also be forbidden in the city. Many rumors about how the motorbike was banned from the town are circulating. One rumor states that the prohibition is the results of a high rating officer utilizing his power banning them out of Yangon after a motorcycle driver displayed an insulting gesture in the direction of him.
Read the complete article on the rumors within the Myanmar Occasions

Having checked in at our lodge, we start walking by means of heat and visitors in the direction of the first temple.

The Massive Reclining Buddha in a Tin Hut

… is officially referred to as the Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda. A 65m long and 16m high Buddha statue reclines down to seek out his final sleep earlier than getting into Nirvana. Before he lay down he has fallen into a 16-year previous woman’s vainness case resulting in pink toenails, lengthy voluminous eye lashes and glowing jewels on the top and in the face.
Contrasting the completed statue a profane tin roof protects it from the elements.

We take a moment to know the sheer measurement of the statue. As we stroll around we discover an fascinating panel at the ft of the reclining Buddha. It explains the symbolic which means of the Lord’s golden sole inscriptions.

travel tipp infoBuddha’s foot soles depict the entire world in several symbols. These symbols are divided into the three sections: Animate Things (crops, animals and men), Inanimate Things (stones, mountains, lakes, hearth, wind) and Circumstances (solidity, fluidity, warmth, motion, odor, taste…). As Buddha is the Enlightened and has already run by means of all these levels of life on earth, he actually stands above all of them. That’s why the entire earth is depicted beneath his ft. (Extra Information)

Must-see: Shwedagon Pagoda

Yangon’s most emblematic landmark is brimming with mirror tiles, blinking LEDs, a whole lot of Buddhas, gold-covered stupas… and vacationers. Nonetheless you should not cross on stepping up the steep stairs to the Shwedagon Pagoda: Get yourself dosed on gold leaf radiation from the pre-emanent golden stupa in the midst of the temple website!

Legend says that the pagoda is greater than 2500 years previous. Previous handwritings from Buddhist monks show that the pagoda has already been erected earlier than the dying of the historic Buddha Siddartha Gautama in 483BD.
Some hair bushes of Buddha are the rationale for build up this magnificent temple website filled with numerous Buddha statues and mirror tiled temple interiors. The hair relic has been washed in a particular washing tub, also discovered on website. Then it has been walled within the golden most important pagoda.

Due to these relics the temple is a really lively spiritual website. Many monks, nuns and unusual individuals worship their “birthday corners” which might be erected around the large golden stupa. They current baskets of incense and coconut to the various Buddha statues.

travel tipp infoIn many pagodas you find so-called “Birthday Shrines”. Every of those eight shrines stands for one weekday. If you end up born on a Saturday, there’s a “Saturday Shrine” where you pray. Similar goes for the other weekdays. Word that there are eight shrines for seven weekdays: It’s because the Wednesday is special: It’s divided into two, Wednesday Morning and Wednesday Afternoon.

We pull the cameras out of our pockets and make a problem out of who takes one of the best footage of the location without tourists!

The Nga Htat Gyi Pagoda

Inside the Nga Htat Gyi Pagoda sits a big, white Buddha, surrounded by birthday shrines. In his again are very finely labored wooden ornaments. His measurement is beautiful and his statue has lots of shiny particulars to find!

Next to the large Buddha a row of fascinating statues in glass showcases depict a number of holy “stereotypes”. For example one can find a statue of the “Mother” or the “Student”. Relying on which type of bless you need, you’ll handle the corresponding figure with a prayer. A pregnant lady will pray to the “Mother” for power and health, and earlier than writing an exam you may need to ask the “Student” for celestial intervention.

The monasteries around the Nga Htat Gyi Pagoda

A nice man talks us right into a tour via the various monasteries within the slender, hilly alleys around the Nga Htat Gyi Pagoda. For the subsequent one and a half hours he guides us across the space filled with monasteries in a mixture of newly constructed homes and very previous and lovely ones from colonial occasions. Undoubtedly value seeing!

Our information explains that in this space about 700 monks sustain 47 monasteries. There are nun’s monasteries, too. About 200 nuns reside right here.

travel tipp infoIn Myanmar monasteries play an necessary position as a pillar of the social system. Orphans and youngsters of poor individuals develop into monks and nuns. They get meals, shelter, a great social standing and schooling in the monasteries. And certainly, we never see a road youngster or homeless in the entire nation of Myanmar.

We are even allowed to enter the praying and dwelling spaces of 1 monastery!

There are three bigger widespread rooms:
One room is for receiving guests and the monks also use it as leisure area.
The second room is the meditation room. A small Buddha determine is erected right here.
We’re stunned to see some sofas and a TV, absolutely outfitted with DVD player and a recreation console, within the third front room, which is used a research and eating room. Not all modernity could be avoided a monk’s way of life J Two giant woodworked chairs are reserved for the monastery’s grasp and an occasional similar or greater ranked guest. This is additionally the room through which the monastery’s master provides lectures to his monks.
Next to the customer’s room are smaller sleeping rooms and the amenities. One bedroom is shared by three to 4 novices. There’s solely area for a mattress and a small bag of private things. Whenever you grow old you’ll sleep in a room that’s shared with much less individuals or much more spacious. The monastery’s grasp has an own room, in fact.

A monk leads a very modest life – or: “All that brooming”

Early morning at four.30am a monk’s typical day starts.

After getting up and before dawn he does his duties in line with his obligations. Novices broom and clear the home and gardens or assist getting ready the breakfast tables. The monk goes out into the streets together with his brothers with a purpose to beg for food and give blessings to the households providing meals.

You’ll be able to watch this each morning whenever you rise up timely: At 5 o’clock (or brief before dawn) rows of individuals are ready in the streets, kneeling down with meals in entrance of them. They look forward to the procession of monks strolling by in single file and holding their begging bowls in the direction of them. The individuals then place their meals choices into the monks’ meals bowls. Typically this row of monks stops and sings a brief mantra for the individuals.

The meals the monk has collected at daybreak must suffice for the entire day, and the primary style he will get from it is at breakfast at 6 o’clock.

From 7 o’clock begins the prayer hour, adopted by Buddhism courses until midday (or state faculty for the youthful ones). The monastery’s master or a guest monk teaches classes about meditation and interprets the Holy Scriptures about Buddha together together with his students.

After Noon’s lunch the monk sometimes attends language courses till 5pm.

From 5 to 6 o’clock he has a full hour for homework and obligation.

After another prayer hour at 6pm the monk has leisure time, can read or do some particular obligation ordered by the grasp.

At 10pm the lights exit. Within the next morning the monk will start his new day in the very same trend because the day before.

You might marvel, but there isn’t a time for supper. Why? Buddha found considered one of his monks stepping into a hard state of affairs with a celebration of robbers after dark. He decided it’s better for a monk’s safety to be back in the monastery after 5pm (when it’s getting darkish). In Buddha’s occasions it meant that the monk would not beg for dinner and wouldn’t get anything to eat after this hour. This tradition is stored alive until as we speak. Properly, an ex novice from Kengtung advised us he and his young brothers used to hide away some yumyums (introduced secretly by their mothers) for a dinner at midnight: “After all that brooming you get really hungry. We were starving.” Typically guidelines are supposed to be bent…

Downtown Yangon

It’s scorching in Yangon. The noon solar burns into the eye. Even sunglasses are of no help at this intense mild. We comply with the proposed stroll in the Lonely Planet and discover it very satisfying: We get to see a calmer area filled with great colonial buildings and later “Little India”, pretty much contrasting the calm colonial area.

We begin on the Sule Pagoda. This pagoda stands in a peculiar place: it is arrange as the center of a busy roundabout, surrounded by small outlets, dense visitors and hundreds of doves. Locals feed them right here. Alongside the inexperienced meadows of the Maha Bandoola Backyard we flip proper into the road of the same identify. The street is blessed with many giant, partly restored 19th century buildings and reminds us a bit of the facades of a giant European city like Paris or Budapest. Lovely!

A brief detour takes us to the Strand Lodge, the five-star place on the town, where Orwell and Kipling have already stayed. Inside, at the store section, is a small gallery displaying the works of local artists. Value a go to and entry free!

Other previous and run down colonial buildings are lovely of their shabby state: overgrown with inexperienced moss and partly windowless the pink brick buildings make a pleasant backdrop for footage.

Unfortunately we can’t see a lot of the Palace of Justice. It’s absolutely coated with development scaffolding resulting from restoration. How metaphorical for this nation.

We also pay a visit to the Yangon stock market constructing. The officials put funny “do not spit betel” indicators around the purely white building.

travel tipp infoBy probability we discover an reasonably priced espresso place, serving superb coffee, an actual rarity on this nation: The Myanhouse(No. 56/58/60, Pansodan St), with a pleasant souvenir shop immediately hooked up. Coffee to go is served in paper cups meant for ice cream.

We stroll again from right here and as soon as at the pagoda roundabout, head west in the direction of Little India.

Getting into Little India you’ll notice that the streets are ordered like a comb: many slender alleys department off a broad major road. The sidewalks of this colonial part of Yangon are in dangerous situation and slender (take care the place you set your ft and make sure that it isn’t a deep hole) and full of sales stands that promote every part you possibly can think about from oranges and betel nut over Chinese language lottery tickets to cellular gadgets. The rain washed houses are coated by a layer of satellites. Busy individuals crowd the passageways between countless gross sales stands. The dove-covered Khali temple seems very Indian, certainly: Overly colourful figures on the roof depict loopy Hindu monsters and deities. The whole lot could be very busy, slender, colourful and soiled. It reminds us very nicely of an Indian city. We like that.

Where there’s dove, there’s market. And doves are practically in all places! As we strategy the Bogyoke Market our noses are full of the odor of fried chilies and tasty, slurmy mango lassi, all provided from native salespeople on the road aspect.

Hungry from all those impressions we gained’t regret a cease on the New Delhi Restaurant. Two days later we return for an additional dose of dosa. At this point of our travels I diagnose our weak spot for Indian meals.

We move by a market corridor that accommodates the material and blanket department. Making our means by way of the slender passages individuals take a look at us curiously and smile: we’re the only tourists here.

At Yangon’s lovely Bogyoke Market we see another tourists, few as there may be. The market houses include two tales of cozy colonial store halls, adorned with inexperienced metallic parts. Good memento outlets current themselves here.
In the streets around the market a vigorous meals courtroom serves the hungry with quite a lot of snacks and drinks. That is the place the place vacationers collect to get a culinary impression of the country. Juice makers serve quite a lot of refreshments to the offered plastic tables within the streets. Typically a automotive squeezes in between visitors and stands. It is crowded and busy, just after our taste!

The National Museum

We’ve some spare time left on our final day in Yangon and determine to visit the Nationwide Museum. The museum’s vast collection spreads over 5 giant floors and is actually value a while! The reveals are properly described in English language.

Amongst the reveals are lovely thrones from Royal occasions and many more Royal home items: Silver beds, tablecloth, brocated clothes and golden betel bowls. On one other flooring you will discover a selection of fossils, mineral stones and meteorite rocks, including Neolithic instruments. Wooden works and ethnic musical devices from totally different elements of the nation cowl one other story. Quite a lot of Buddha statues and paintings from native artists are discovered. Brief: Reserve a while for a go to, there’s a lot to discover.


There’s loads of selection of excellent value-for-money midrange (20 – 40$ per night time per room, together with breakfast) lodges. Should you wish to sleep through the night time, better find a lodge out of quirky downtown. We have been very completely happy settling down in a lodge a bit out of the visitors chaos and individuals crowds in the relatively calm space northeast of the Kandawgi Lake.

A nice tour guide

TUN KYI is a educated and licensed tour information with plenty of expertise. He knows French, German, English, Italian and Spanish, has travelled to other nations and can do translation works, too. Speaking to him could be very satisfying and right here is his contact knowledge:

E mail: [email protected] Tel: 95-1-572184 or 09-254178938

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@Edit: Added missing footage. 19.08.2016